About Pests

Ants

Habitats:
• Most species build their nests outdoor in moist environment such as in soil, rotten woods, rotten logs, leaf axils, leaf litters, tree holes, under potted plants/rocks, etc.
• Some species build their nests indoor such as wall voids, other cracks and crevices, behind baseboards, electrical switch boxes, etc.

Diets:
• Feed on almost any types of food preferably sugar-, protein-, and oil-based foods.

Habits:
• Social insects, living in an organized colony and have a clearly defined role for each individual.
• Groom and exchange food/liquid among nestmates.
• Lay pheromone trail when forage to lead the nestmates to the food source and aid them back to their nest.
• Release defence and attack pheromones to send alarm signals to their nestmates.

Importance:
• Nuisance
• Mechanical vectors of various pathogenic diseases such as salmonellosis, etc.
• Ant bites/stings may cause pustules and blisters.
• Contaminate food and surgical instruments in hospitals.

 

Bees

Habitats:
• Wall, attics, trees, shrubs, and cavities such as holes in the ground, lofts, wall cavities, etc.
Diets:

• Feed on nectars, pollens, honeydew saps, fallen fruits, and sugar-rich plant foods. Some wasps and hornets are predators, feeding on insects/spiders.

Habits:
• Solitory, living independently/social insects, living in an organized colony and have a clearly defined role for each individual.
• Remain docile unless they are provoked.
• Release an alarm pheromone upon stinging to recruit their nestmates to join in the attack.
• Release an attack pheromone when their nest is threaten.

Importance:
• Inflict painful stings along with swelling and redness. Their stings can be severe and fatal.
• Damage to structures.

Cockroaches

Habitats:
• Most species build their nests outdoor in moist environment such as in soil, rotten woods, rotten logs, leaf axils, leaf litters, tree holes, under potted plants/rocks, etc.
• Some species build their nests indoor such as wall voids, other cracks and crevices, behind baseboards, electrical switch boxes, etc.

Diets:
• Feed on organic matters such as meat, grease, starchy and sugary types of food, etc.

Habits:
• Always live in a group.
• Active at night and usually hide during the day.
• Prefer to move along the side of the walls rather than open spaces.

Infestation signs:
• Live/dead cockroaches.
• Egg cases.
• Droppings.
• Cast skins.

Importance:
• Contaminate food and utensils with their droppings, vomitus, and pathogens.
• Mechanical vectors of various pathogenic diseases such as poliomyelitis, coxsackie, shiegellosis, salmonellosis, etc.
• May cause asthma and allergies.

Flies

Habitats:
• Prefer warm and damp areas.
• Live indoor such as damp books and papers, areas with leaking or sweating pipes, stored products, etc./outdoor such as underneath loose tree barks, dead foliages, ground litters, rock surfaces, etc.

Diets:
• Feed on mould, mildew, and fungi.

Habits:
• Migrate to damper areas if relative humidity drops below a critical level.

Importance:
• Nuisance.

Mosquitoes

Habitats:
• Breed in stagnant water sources such as plant axils, roof gutters, drains, tyres, tin cans, flower pots, etc.

Diets:
• Males and females feed on nectars and juices.
• Only females feed on blood because they require blood meals to develop their eggs.

Habits:
• Active after sunrise and before sunset (Aedes mosquitoes).
• Active at night (Anopheles and Culex mosquitoes).
• Prefer dark colours.

Importance:
• Transmit various diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya, etc.

Rats/Rodents

Habitats:
• Underground burrows (Sewer rats).
• Above ground such as attics, rafters, eaves, trees, bushes, shrubs, etc. (Roof rats).
• Near to stored food (House mice).

Diets:
• Omnivores – feed on plant and animal materials.

Habits:
• Active at night.
• Gnaw to keep their continuously growing teeth short.
• Can climb, jump, and swim very well.

Infestation signs:
• Live/dead rodents.
• Droppings.
• Gnaw marks.
• Footprints/tail marks/grease marks.
• Runways.
• Musky odour.
• Crackling/scrambling/gnawing sounds produced by rodents.

Importance:
• Contaminate food and water with their urines and droppings.
• Transmit various diseases such as leptospirosis, plague, salmonellosis, lyme disease, etc.
• Damage/destroy numerous materials.

Termites

Habitats:
• Build nest in the soil and dependent on soil for moisture.
• Construct mud tubes to search for food to avoid desiccation.

Diets:
• Feed on any cellulose-based materials such as wood, books, papers, etc.

Habits:
• Social insects, living in an organized colony and have a clearly defined role for each individual.
• Groom and exchange food/liquid among nestmates.
• Lay pheromone trail when forage to recruit more nestmates to colonise food sources.
• Generate vibration by bashing their head against structure/nest to send alarm signals to their nestmates.

Infestation signs:
• Dispersal of alates/swarmers.
• Presence of mud tubes.
• Damages caused by termite attacks.

Importance:
• Damages caused by termite attacks.
• Damage/destroy buildings and structures.

Feel free to drop us a form if you have any further enquiries.